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In this post, I first focus on one aspect: how existence - gOd - emerges from emptiness in the flow of expression:




Put differently - how does something come from nothing?


After laying out my theory, I address three related questions:


(1) what is dualism?


(2) what are good & evil, & why do they exist?


(3) why do we suffer, & how does suffering end?


How does existence emerge out of emptiness?


Concentration. Concentration disturbs the utter harmony of emptiness & generates the outpouring we call existence. Concentration is the source through which emptiness manifests into gOd. (Coincidentally, the Upanishads are in accord with this claim.)


In emptiness, all & each exist in utter harmony with each & all. Each is so utterly harmonized with each that they distill into nothing at all. It's like water that has evaporated, except the evaporation is so utter that not even vapor remains.


To illustrate this, I'll use the alphabet.


Imagine that emptiness consists of 9 aspects: the first 9 letters of the English alphabet - A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I.


Let this graphic represent that A & B are in complete harmony with each other:

image credit (infinity symbol): https://freesvg.org/infinity-symbol-silhouette


The harmony between A & B is so complete that A & B no longer exist as distinct entities. Their harmonic resonance is so perfect that A & B distill into nothing at all. They exist simply as a relationship, a harmonic dance so absolute that the dancers cannot be distinguished from the dance. In this state, A & B exist only as the potential to be A & B.


Now, let's expand this example to include the other 7 letters. In emptiness, A is in complete harmony not only with B, but with the other 7 letters as well:


This dynamic applies not only to A, but to each other letter as well. The same graphic above could be modified to place B at the center, to place A where B is, and to keep all other letters in the same position:



This pattern continues through all the letters, resulting in a series of interlocking infinity symbols connecting each letter to each other letter, symbolizing the harmony of each letter with each other letter. (This framing reminds me of the ancient teaching of Indra's web.)


In this state of utter harmony, no letter exists. Instead, within the harmony lies the potential for each letter to exist. So long as the harmony remains undisturbed, all & each abide in emptiness as pure, unrealized potential. Only when the harmony is disturbed does the potential become actualized. The actualization of this potential is existence, aka gOd.


Concentration is how the harmony is disturbed. Consider these 3 analogies to water:


Analogy 1: pure water vapor cannot form clouds. Clouds will not form from pure water vapor. The vapor particles don't have anything to cling onto, & they cannot cling onto each other. So they just drift around each other, forming no superstructure. However, if we introduce a suitable object, a cloud will form. A suitable object may be a speck of dust, a miniscule bit of soot, or some other aerosol particle. The water vapor particles cling to the object (called a "cloud condensation nuclei") & condense with each other, forming the base structure of clouds. Concentration is like the condensation nuclei: it provides the disturbance - the source of tension - emptiness needs to express particularity.


Analogy 2: heated water won't boil without disturbance: Even when heated above its standard boiling point, water will not boil without a disturbance. The water temperature will rise, but the boiling process will not begin. To boil, there must be a disturbance in the water, called a "nucleation site." The nucleation site is where enough water molecules can aggregate to form the bubbles that drive boiling. In tap water, impurities in the water serve as nucleation sites, causing water to boil at its usual temperature of 100 degrees celsius / 212 degrees Fahrenheit at sea level. Water with all impurities removed will not boil until it reaches a much higher temperature, and even then, it boils only because the motion of its own molecules eventually constitutes a sufficient disturbance to create nucleation sites & trigger boiling. Without disturbance, water won't boil. Concentration is like the nucleation site: it provides the disturbance - the source of tension - emptiness needs to express particularity.


Analogy 3: the ocean will not form waves without disturbance: Imagine the ocean utterly undisturbed. No wind. No seismic activity. No icebergs calving, no rockslides crashing in, no volcanic eruptions. No creatures swimming within it, no creatures diving into it. No gravitational tugs from the sun or moon. The ocean would be perfectly still. It would not have any waves, or even any ripples. Its surface would be featureless. Only through disturbance does the ocean form waves. Concentration is like a storm or an earthquake: it provides the disturbance - the source of tension - emptiness needs to express particularity.


In emptiness, concentration breaks the harmonic relationship between all aspects by focusing on one aspect to the exclusion of others. Emptiness is essentially one giant relationship consisting of the sub-relationships between each aspect & each other aspect. The perfect harmony of these relationship keeps the aspects unmanifested, unrealized. Like pure water vapor in the atmosphere: no cloud structures form because there is no disturbance - no source of tension - to break the perfect harmony & create particularity.


Concentration provides that disturbance.


Let's return to the image of A & B in harmony:


Concentrating upon A, with increasing tightness of focus, we lose sight of A's harmonic relationships with the other aspects of emptiness, & we begin to see A increasingly as a stand-alone entity - a thing unto itself.




Concentrating upon each aspect of emptiness, Oneness realizes each aspect into existence. These aspects are projected as the mind of gOd (time) & the body of gOd (space) to create the particular features of mental (spiritual) & physical (bodily) existence. A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, & I emerge into reality as seemingly stand-alone entities thanks to the disturbances of concentration. Only by fixating on each, and thereby disregarding the rest, does Oneness generate the world.


What is duality & how does it form?


Duality is the mental paradigm governing typical human thought. Duality is the interdependency of opposites.


To truly know tall, we must know short. To truly know heavy, we must know light. To truly know cold, we must know hot.


We can experience tallness, heaviness, & coldness without having experienced their opposites. But we cannot fully understand what we typically mean by "tall," "heavy," & "cold" without also understanding what we typically mean by "short," "light," & "warm," because our standard meanings of these words include the assumption that each is not its opposite.


By "tall," I mean "not short." By "heavy," I mean "not light." By "cold," I mean "not hot." Dualism is this implicit assumption that each descriptor is not its opposite. Dualism bakes negation into definition.


Negation is a concept. It does not exist beyond the mind. Imagine a table with three fruits: a pear, a mango, & an orange. I remove the mango from view. Now it's a table with a pear & an orange. The mind may say, "it's a table without a mango," or "the mango is not there." Another mind may say, "that's right," or "I agree." Now we have two minds saying that there isn't a mango there.


But where is the negation in reality? There simply is what is: a table with an orange & a pear. The mind generates the sense of negation by contrasting what is - the table with a pear & an orange - with an alternate version of what is - the table with the pear, orange, & mango. In the space where it imagines a mango could be, the mind says there is not a mango. Really the mind is saying, "I can imagine a mango being there, but I perceive no mango there." It com